From the humid to the bowels of the earth
A GREAT NATURAL WEALTH IN THE TERM OF BAENA
The natural landscape of the municipality has elements of great ecological value, among which the Guadajoz River stands out, the ancient Salsum of the Romans, which crosses the Campiña and maintains a set of small endorheic lagoons in its basin.
The Yeso cave is the most emblematic landmark of the Baenense natural heritage
In the outskirts of the town, such as the Peñón de San Marcos , of Triassic origin, or in the confines of the Campiña, the elements that make up the natural heritage of Baena are present in practically all of its term. In this way, the proximity to the Sierras Subbéticas makes them visible from the urban center of the population and is even more accentuated in the Serrezuela area, with an altitude of 799 m. The Marbella River is in this same situation., today greatly diminished in its flow, which runs along the northern slope of the hill itself where the old Baena sits and also leaves nearby places of great beauty such as the hermitage of Los Ángeles. It converges with the Guadajoz at the foot of the archaeological site of Ízcar, joining the flow of this last river that crosses a wide area of the Campiña where there are also a series of small wetlands that share their own endorheic origin. La Quinta, Rincón del Muerto, Casasola, Cortijo Viejo and Cambroncillo lagoons or the existing one next to the old Butaguillos hermitage, appear scattered and reduced in size, although they have very important environmental values.
The Yeso cave deserves a special mention, the only cavity of water origin existing in the Guadalquivir Valley, inside which some species of shrimp have been discovered that are only found in this habitat.